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Degradable plastics 'failed to solve the pollution crisis'

by:XCBIO     2021-09-02
A new report released by the charity Greenpeace shows that China's production of biodegradable plastics has increased substantially beyond the country's ability to degrade plastics. China is the world's largest producer of plastic waste. Earlier this year, China issued a ban on several types of non-biodegradable single-use plastics, prompting manufacturers to speed up the production of biodegradable plastics. According to Greenpeace, 36 companies in China plan or build new biodegradable products plastic manufacturing facilities, and their annual production capacity has increased by more than 4.4 million tons, an increase of more than 7 times in less than 12 months. The charity said that by 2025, after China's single-use plastic ban takes effect nationwide, China's e-commerce industry is expected to generate about 5 million tons of biodegradable plastic waste each year. Reality check of the 'astonishing' level of plastic pollution by 2040: Where is the waste plastic mountain? plastics can be decomposed by living organisms, but most require specific industrial treatments at high temperatures to degrade within six months. Under normal circumstances, these materials are left in the landfill, it may take longer to start to decompose, and still release carbon into the atmosphere. Dr. Jia Zhongnan, Greenpeace East Asia Plastics Researcher, said: “In the absence of controlled composting facilities, most biodegradable plastics will end up in landfills, or worse, into rivers and oceans.” She said. : 'Changing from one type of plastic to another cannot solve the plastic pollution crisis we face.' Chinese President Xi Jinping emphasized the importance of reducing plastic waste in a recent speech, but many major cities in China have little or no Infrastructure to cope with the expansion of biodegradable plastic production. The BBC tried to contact the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of China for comment. Plasticity One of the main challenges of biodegradable plastics is the confusion about biodegradable methods. Most compostable plastics cannot be placed in ordinary household recycling and cannot be degraded in household compost bins-which means that consumers usually have no way to bring biodegradable packaging to various industrial facilities where it can be processed middle. 'For what we call 'end-of-lifeGrantham Centre for Sustainable Futures at the University of Sheffield. She said: 'Just because plastic is biodegradable does not mean it is not disposable.' 'The worry is that if people think that a material is biodegradable, then it can provide them with Permits for waste, and waste will still have a negative impact on the environment before it is completely degraded.' Another type of plastic made entirely or partly from biological resources-commonly called 'bioplastics'-is not necessarily biodegradable , Which adds potential confusion to consumers. Globally, the industrial infrastructure required to process compostable plastics-from collection to high-temperature composting-does not have the scale to match the amount of plastic produced. Dr. Rothman said: “This is definitely a global issue.” “The UK has been consulting on biodegradable and compostable plastics. Although there are standards for compostable plastics, due to the wide variety of biodegradable plastics and possible causes It is very difficult to set general standards for biodegradable plastics due to the environmental conditions. “Littering.” It is important to consider the purpose of biodegradable plastics and the end-of-life design from the beginning. A study published in the journal Science Advances in October evaluated the 2016 data. The study estimated that the U.S. was the world’s leading producer of plastic waste that year, followed by India, followed by China. Overall, In other words, the EU countries will be ranked second, although India and China only account for about 40% of the population. The United States transports large amounts of plastic waste to other countries. In 2017 alone, China imported 700 from Europe, Japan and the United States. Ten thousand tons of plastic waste. A dirty secret town. Since then, China has banned the import of 24 different grades of waste, but some other countries (including Malaysia, Turkey, the Philippines, and Indonesia) have had to deal with their large amounts of plastic waste. It has been reduced. Since then, some of these countries have returned part of their imported plastic waste.
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