The Harm of Plastic to AnimalsHumans invented plastic and animals are harmed by it. They eat it, they get caught in it, or get sick because of it. Plastic pollution occured so rapidly that animals were unable to adjust their behaviour around this new material. ANIMALS STUCK IN PLASTICGetting stuck in plastic can have horrible consequences for the animals such as reduced mobility, starvation, drowning or suffocation. It can lead to infections, growths or amputation of limbs. Animals stuck in plastic become less capable of finding food and become also easy victims for predators. For whales, entanglement in plastic is a greater threat than whaling. The sharp threads of nets can cut into their flesh, causing whales to lose fins or tails. Other whales must swim with the fishing nets in which they are entangled. Marine mammals such as sea lions, dolphins, and seals are regularly the victims of their own curiosity, and turtles are known for getting easily stuck in plastic too. They swim right up to plastic objects and play with them. These species have not yet learned that these objects are not fun but dangerous. Birds can become entangled in the plastic derived from balloons which can wrap around their legs or head. It is indeed a festive sight to release balloons, especially large masses of balloons. But it is horrible to see birds wearing balloon ribbons around their neck. After their flight, balloons do come down somewhere. If that is at the sea, there is a chance that they wash up on land, and animals get stuck in the plastic ribbons. A lot of balloon remnants are always found on beaches. The Plastic Soup Foundation and other environmental organizations have been running the campaign Die ballon gaat niet op (The Balloons don’t go up) for years, aiming to discourage and prohibit the release of balloons. In the Netherlands, more and more municipalities prohibit the release of balloons. Also, the organization which oversees the annual King’s Day celebrations, the Koninklijke Bond van Oranjeverenigingen, now also discourages the practice. ANIMALS EAT PLASTICAnimals often eat plastic because they are not always able to distinguish plastic from food. Organisms that are filter feeders (plankton, shellfish, baleen whales) or that live under the beach sand (lugworms) cannot make that distinction. Some fish eat plastic because they mistake it for fish eggs and bite at floating plastic in the water. Turtles see plastic bags as the jellyfish that are usually on their menu. In the stomachs of the northern fulmar – which gathers its food by flying with an open beak above the water surface – plastic is almost always found. Many grazing animals on land also eat plastic. Plastic debris coated with food waste increases the chance that the plastic will be eaten. Animals that accidentally eat plastic suffer and often die as a result of it. Swallowed plastic fills the stomach and not surprisingly this reduces the feeling of hunger. Animals eat less, obtain less energy, and weaken. Larger pieces of plastic can also block their gastrointestinal tract so that the plastic can no longer be excreted. In other cases, plastic is ground into small pieces in the stomach and then scattered everywhere. In this way, the northern fulmar grinds and spreads millions of pieces every year. Some of it is left at abandoned nesting sites. Fish eat plastic. Turtles eat plastic bags. Even whales have been found dead with tons of plastic in the stomach. The stomach contents of the northern fulmar, according to long-term Dutch research, consist of an average of twenty-five pieces of plastic. A sperm whale that washed up at the Wakatobi National Park in Indonesia in December 2018 had 115 cups, 25 bags, four bottles and two slippers in its stomach. More than a thousand pieces of plastic were counted in the whale’s stomach and the total weight of plastic was six kilos. In the United Arab Emirates, plastic causes half of all camel deaths. The animals eat garbage and lumps of plastic of between ten and sixty kilos have been found in their stomachs. Because the plastic cannot pass out of the stomach, the lump continues to grow until the animal dies of starvation. In July 2010, a young green turtle washed ashore, heavily weakened, on the coast of Brazil near Florianópolis and died a few hours later. This specimen had 3267 pieces of plastic in its gut and another 308 pieces in its stomach. Only pieces of plastic larger than 5 mm were counted. TAKE ACTION!The plastic problem is so huge that it can easily make you feel discouraged. It almost seems too big to do anything about. But don’t forget that people are resourceful. You too can do much more than you think to help the oceans, the planet, and yourself! So, take action and make a difference!
The Plastic Limit Order of China VS The Trend of Global Plastic BanBackgroundFrom 2008 to 2018, emerging Internet industries such as e-commerce and takeaway have witnessed explosive growth. Although people's life is much more convenient, one-time express delivery and tableware packaging have brought huge plastic waste increment, which has brought severe challenges to the environment.According to the Research Report on the production characteristics and management status of China's express packaging waste, in 2018, a total of 9.41 million tons of express packaging materials were consumed, equivalent to the weight of 130 million adults. The production, use and disposal of these express packaging materials emitted 13.03 million tons of carbon dioxide, which required 710 million trees to be neutralized, bringing huge resource burden and environment pressure.It is gratifying that the new plastic restriction order clearly puts forward restrictions and requirements on the two industries.By the end of 2020, the use of non-degradable disposable plastic straws will be prohibited in the catering industry in mainland China; the use of non-degradable disposable plastic tableware will be prohibited in catering service in built-up areas and scenic spots of cities above prefecture level, and will be implemented nationwide by the end of 2022.By the end of 2022, postal express outlets in Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong and other provinces will first ban the use of non-degradable plastic packaging bags and disposable plastic woven bags, so as to reduce the use of non-degradable plastic tape. It will be implemented nationwide by the end of 2025.In addition, the new plastic restriction order also makes it clear for the first time that "disposable plastic products" in a broad sense is one of the challenges of environmental pollution, and specifically puts forward the goal of reducing the consumption of disposable plastic products: by 2022, the consumption of disposable plastic products will be significantly reduced; by 2025, the consumption intensity of non-degradable disposable plastic tableware in the catering delivery field of cities above prefecture level will be reduced by 30%. This reflects the policy determination of total amount control and source control of disposable plastics in China.This time, the “Opinions” also put forward that "in the areas with prominent plastic pollution problems and emerging fields such as e-commerce, express delivery and takeout, a number of replicable and promotable plastic reduction and green logistics modes should be formed, and the application of alternative products should be promoted, and the recycling and transportation of plastic wastes should be strengthened.".All in all, this is an extremely detailed plastic restriction order, which shows China's ambition to control plastic pollution and echoes the policy trend of plastic restriction in many countries all over the world.It has become the consensus and policy trend of global environmental protection. In May 2019, the "EU plastic ban order" officially came into effect, stipulating that the use of disposable plastic products with substitutes, such as plastic straws, disposable tableware and cotton swabs, will be prohibited by 2021. Member states need to achieve the goal of recycling 90% of beverage bottles by 2029. Moreover, the EU has banned the production and use of oxidized degradable plastics. EU plastics act also requires enterprises to undertake extended producer responsibility (EPR) and economic responsibility for waste management and pollution control of disposable plastic products.EU: banning the use of disposable plastics with substitutesIn order to reduce marine pollution, the European Council has adopted new regulations on disposable plastics within the European Union. The act stipulates that all member states prohibit substitutes for certain plastic products, including cotton swabs, knives, plates, straws, agitators and balloons.The ban also includes disposable plastic cups, food and beverage containers made of polystyrene, and all products made of degradable plastics. The Commission has also taken measures to reduce the use of plastic food containers and drink cups.Member States will have about two years to incorporate this legislation into their domestic law. The EU's goal is to collect 90% of all plastic bottles by 2029, including a 77% milestone by 2025, and will introduce design requirements for cap to bottle connections.The Commission also requires manufacturers to use 25% of recycled plastic for PET bottles from 2025 and 30% for all plastic bottles from 2030. Plastic straws or forks are small things, but can cause huge, long-term damage. The disposable plastic regulation will deal with 70% of marine waste to avoid environmental damage, otherwise it will cost 22 billion euro by 2030.Germany: call for a stop use to disposable coffee cupsGermany uses 5300 disposable cups per minute, sparking calls for government action, according to a study. The study, commissioned by the German Federal Environment Agency, found that in 2016, 2.8 billion disposable cups were used for hot drinks and 3 billion disposable cups were used for cold drinks.These figures are equivalent to 70 disposable cups per person per year. According to the non-profit organization duh, only a small part of these disposable cups are recyclable.In fact, the inner layer of a coffee cup usually contains a mixture of paper and plastic to keep heat and liquid while requiring a more complex recycling infrastructure than any material itself. Duh is also pushing for more initiatives to support the use of reusable cups. According to the study, a plastic reusable cup is ecologically superior to a disposable cup after about 20 repetitions. Reusable cups can be used at least 50 times a year.British efforts to reduce plasticThe British government has announced that plastic straws, mixing sticks and swabs will be banned after April 2020. This top-down policy has prompted many restaurants and pubs in the UK to use paper straws. Meanwhile, the British government is conducting extensive consultation on the deposit return scheme for beverage bottles, aiming to encourage consumers to recycle plastic bottles, glass bottles and pop cans in a timely manner. If it can be implemented, the price of the bottle will be included in the price of the beverage purchased by consumers. Through the recycling machine of the supermarket, consumers can return the cost of the bottle.Iceland, the frozen food supermarket, is the pioneer of the plastic beverage bottle deposit recycling scheme in the UK. It has implemented the scheme in five pilot projects in the UK. By January 2020, 310000 plastic bottles have been recovered, with remarkable effect.The introduction of drinking water fountains on the streets of London is also an effective way to reduce residents' purchase of plastic bottled water. Residents can use filtered tap water or add water to their own kettle in parks, subway stations, markets and squares in different areas.The British government estimates that the UK uses 4.7 billion plastic straws, 316 million plastic beverage mixers and 1.8 billion plastic cotton swabs each year. The ban will come into effect in April 2020, except for medical and scientific purposes.It is worth noting that plastic recovery in the UK is very low. In addition, the local government in each region has different regulations on recycling, resulting in a certain degree of confusion. Unfortunately, the UK lacks the infrastructure to deal with recycled plastics. Instead, the responsibility for recycling plastics is shifted to less developed countries such as Southeast Asia. Many countries that receive plastics directly incinerate or landfill waste, which means that even if the recycled plastic is not really recycled. Therefore, the best solution to plastic pollution is to reduce the consumption and use of plastic, rather than throw the plastic into the recycling box.Large enterprises promised to "ban plastic"As early as July 2018, Starbucks announced that all its stores around the world would ban plastic straws by 2020. It is not known whether this commitment has been fulfilled.Starbucks cup lid without strawIn August 2018, McDonald's also stopped using plastic straws in some other countries and replaced them with paper straws. It is understood that McDonald's of Belgium has successfully completed the paper straw test before, while the United States, France, Sweden and other countries implemented the paper straw test at the end of last year.KFC has 84 stores in Singapore that have stopped using straw for plastic cup lids. IKEA also announced that it would phase out all disposable plastic products in IKEA stores in Europe by 2020.Nestle also announced earlier that in order to reduce plastic waste, plastic straws have been banned from all products since February, and biodegradable water bottles have been developed. Nestle is committed to recycling all product packaging by 2025, becoming the latest enterprise to reduce plastic waste pollution.Last year, the European bottled water Union, which represents about 600 producers of natural minerals and mineral water, set a target of using at least 25% of RPET in plastic bottles on average by 2025, and to collect 90% of PET bottles by 2025.Coca Cola's European partners have promised to collect 100% of their packaging in Western Europe and use 50% of recycled plastic in PET bottles by 2025.PepsiCo's goal is to use 50% of recycled plastics in bottles across the EU by 2030, up from the current 13%, and a medium-term target of 45% by 2025. With the Plastic Limited Order launched in more and more countries all over the world, the 100% eco friendly products for daily life must be the main trend in the future market, such as biodegradable dog poop bag, biodegradable garbage bag and trash bags, biodegradable bubble wrap, compostable mailer and biodegradable mailing bag, biodegradable straws and plant based straws, bolsas biodegradables and biodegradable bags, biodegradable cups, biodegradable plastic bag, biodegradable cling film and so on.In a word, although more and more people realize the importance of protecting the environment and develop many eco-friendly behaviors, but plastic limit can not be completed in a day, which requires the world to work together and actively cooperate to steadily promote the process of plastic limit.
PLA(polylactic acid) is made from corn, cassava and other crops. It can be completely degraded in the soil within one year after disposal, and final products are CO2 and water, not pollute the environment. While the traditional plastic, it may take 200-500years to break down. Here is the picture of PLA cycle process. First we get the starch from crops, then become lactic acid, after that we have resin, we use resin to do products, after disposal, it will become water and carbon dioxide.So we can say, our PLA is from nature, use for nature, and back to nature, 100% biodegradable material, no pollution for the environment.More and more countries begin to ban the plastic products, no plastic will be the trend in the future. Now we have to choose a kind of biodegradable material to develop.We believe, PLA is a good choice for us, let’s work with us together!
In the 1970s, plastic shopping bags were still a rare novelty, and now they have become a ubiquitous global product with an annual output of one trillion. Their footprints are all over the world, including the deepest part of the seabed, the highest peak of Mount Everest and the polar ice caps. Plastics need hundreds of years to degrade. They contain additives that can adsorb heavy metals, antibiotics, pesticides and other toxic substances.Plastic bags pose severe challenges to the environment.How are disposable plastic bags made? How is it banned?How did this happen?In 1933, a chemical plant in Northwich, England inadvertently developed the most commonly used plastic-polyethylene. Although polyethylene was produced on a small scale before, this was the first time that an industrially practical compound material was synthesized, and it was secretly used by the British military during World War II.1965-The integrated polyethylene shopping bag was patented by the Swedish company Celloplast. This plastic bag designed by the engineer Sten Gustaf Thulin soon replaced cloth and paper bags in Europe.1979-Already controlling 80% of the bag market in Europe, plastic bags go abroad and are widely introduced to the United States. Plastic companies begin to aggressively market their product as superior to paper and reusable bags.1982-Safeway and Kroger, two of the biggest supermarket chains in the United States, switch to plastic bags. More stores follow suit and by the end of the decade plastic bags will have almost replaced paper around the world.1997-Sailor and researcher Charles Moore discovers the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, the largest of several gyres in the world's oceans where immense amounts of plastic waste have accumulated, threatening marine life. Plastic bags are notorious for killing sea turtles, which mistakenly think they are jellyfish and eat them.2002-Bangladesh is the first country in the world to implement a ban on thin plastic bags, after it was found they played a key role in clogging drainage systems during disastrous flooding. Other countries begin to follow suit.2011-The world consumes 1 million plastic bags every minute.2017-Kenya implemented the most stringent "plastic ban". As a result, more than 20 countries around the world have implemented "plastic restriction orders" or "plastic ban orders" to regulate the use of plastic bags.2018 - "Plastic War Quick Decision" was selected as the theme of World Environment Day, this year it was hosted by India. Companies and governments around the world have expressed their support, and have successively expressed their determination and commitment to solve the problem of single-use plastic pollution.2020- The global "ban on plastics" is on the agenda. Love life and protect the environment. Environmental protection is closely related to our lives and makes us the basis for other things. We should start with small things and start from the side, and achieve the good habit of using as little as possible or not throwing away plastic bags after use to protect our homes!